This is why those who do not believe in the sustainability of battery-powered cars target the energy sources, considering them not very clean and perhaps taking electricity produced with coal as their cue. The facts do, however, contradict this preconception. For example, anyone who connects their vehicle to Enel X Way’s public charging infrastructure in Italy uses 100% electricity
produced from certified renewable energy sources (RES). In any case, the share of RES in the national energy mix is destined to grow, so much so that it reached 42.32% in 2021, compared to 5.07% of energy obtained from coal and 0.88% from petroleum products (GSE data
). Moreover, the deadlines imposed by the stringent European objectives are getting closer and closer: among these, “Fit for 55” requires a 55% reduction in CO₂ emissions produced in Europe by 2030 compared to 1990. We are talking about a pivotal and necessary step, in view of the more ambitious Net Zero goal, i.e., the zeroing of carbon dioxide emissions, which includes both their reduction and the compensatory measures, by 2050. The Enel Group, for its part, has set itself the goal of achieving carbon neutrality as early as 2040, while in 2027 it will completely abandon coal as an energy source. This is why electricity, which is already largely “clean” today, is destined to become increasingly “green.” This is also confirmed in a study by the International Council on Clean Transportation
(ICCT), according to which emissions in the life cycle of medium-low range electric vehicles are 66-69% lower than today's gasoline cars in the same segment. It’s a difference which, according to the ICCT itself, will reach 74-77% in 2030.